A detailed history, including an assessment of pain intensity and characteristics.
A physical examination.
A psychosocial assessment.
A diagnostic evaluation of signs and symptoms associated with the common cancer pain syndromes (Panel Consensus).
Assessment of pain in the cancer patient is imperative for all health care professionals because failure to assess pain can lead to its undertreatment. The critical role of the assessment of cancer pain was highlighted in a 1993 study of 897 oncologists who, collectively in the previous 6 months, had managed more than 70,000 cancer patients. According to these physicians, poor pain assessment was the greatest barrier to effective cancer pain management in their own practices (Von Roenn, Cleeland, Gonin, et al., 1993). Because of the multiple possible causes of pain, careful evaluation of pain is required.
Suffering, Loss of Control, and Quality of Life
Barriers to Effective Pain Management
Initial Pain Assessment
Initial Pain Assessment.
Ongoing Pain Assessment
MONITORING THE QUALITY OF PAIN MANAGEMENT